Plunder/Illegal Possession of Firearms

PLUNDER (RA 7080, as amended, July 12, 1991) Any public officer who, by himself or in connivance with members of his family, relatives by affinity or consanguinity, business associates, subordinates or other persons, amasses, accumulates or acquires ill-gotten wealth through a combination or series of overt or criminal acts in the aggregate amount or total…

Heinous Crime Law/Child Abuse

HEINOUS CRIME LAW (RA 7659, Dec. 31, 1993) The constitutional proscription against the imposition of the death penalty was lifted with the enactment of RA 7659, otherwise known as the Heinous Crime Law, which took effect 15 days after publication on December 16, 993, that is on December 31, 1993. (People v. Martin Simon, 234…

Bouncing Checks Law/Dangerous Drugs Act

BOUNCING CHECKS LAW (BP 22, April 3, 1979) Acts punished: 1. Any person who makes or draws and issues any check to apply for an account or for value knowing at the time of issue that he does not have sufficient funds in or credit with the drawee bank for the payment of such check…

Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act/Anti-Fencing Law

ANTI-GRAFT AND CORRUPT PRACTICES ACT (RA 3019, as amended, Aug. 17, 1960) It is the policy of the Philippine Government, in line with the principle that a public office is a public trust, to repress certain acts of public officers and private persons alike which constitute graft or corrupt practices or which may lead thereto.…

Indeterminate Sentence Law/Probation Law

INDETERMINATE¬† SENTENCE¬† LAW (Act No. 4103, as amended, Dec. 5, 1933) The purpose of the law is to uplift and redeem valuable human material and prevent unnecessary and excessive deprivation of personal liberty and economic usefulness. (People v. Onate, 78 SCRA 43)¬† As a rule, it is intended to favor the accused particularly to shorten…

Crimes against the Civil Status of Persons/Honor

CRIMES AGAINST THE CIVIL STATUS OF PERSONS (Title Twelve) BIGAMY The elements are: 1. Offender has been married. 2. He/she contracts a second or subsequent marriage. 3. Without the first marriage having been legally dissolved or in case his or her spouse is absent, the absent spouse could not yet be presumed dead under the…

Crimes against Chastity

CRIMES AGAINST CHASTITY (Title Eleven) ADULTERY The elements are: 1. She is a married woman. 2. She unites in sexual intercourse with a man not her husband. 3. The act of intercourse is voluntary. (Art. 333) Attempted adultery is possible, if the acts of execution have been commenced directly towards the commission of the sexual…