Feliciano vs. COA

FELICIANO v. COA, G.R. No. 147402, January 14, 2004 (Water District is a GOCC with an original charter under the audit jurisdiction of COA; COA may charge GOCCs actual audit cost) “The Constitution recognizes two classes of corporation. The first refers to private corporations created under a general law. The second refers to government-owned or…

De Jesus vs. COA

DE JESUS, ET AL. v. COA, G.R. No. 149154, June 10, 2003 (Water districts are GOCCs subject to the jurisdiction of the COA; As a rule, per diem is the compensation of members of board of directors of water district; Non-refund of benefits) “We cannot sustain petitioner’s claim that the COA usurped the functions of…

Baybay Water District vs. COA

BAYBAY WATER DISTRICT, ET AL. v. COA, G.R. No. 147248-49, January 23, 2002 (Water districts are GOCCs subject to the jurisdiction of the COA; As a rule, per diem is the compensation of members of board of directors of water district) “In Davao City Water District v. CSC, that water districts are government-owned and controlled…

Bill of Rights

Due process of law No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law. (Sec. 1) Due process is the embodiment of the sporting idea of fair play; responsive to the supremacy of reason, obedience to the dictates of justice. Due process is a guaranty against any arbitrariness on the…

Citizenship

Citizenship is membership in a political community with all its concomitant rights and responsibilities. The most common method of acquisition of citizenship is by birth, either by virtue of blood relationship (jus sanguinis) or by virtue of the place of birth (jus soli). The jus sanguinis is still the basis for the acquisition of Philippine…

Fundamental Powers of the State

These powers are the police power, the power of eminent domain, and the power of taxation. These powers are inherent and do not need to be expressly conferred by constitutional provision on the State. They are supposed to co-exist with the State. The 3 powers differ from each other in the following ways: 1. The…

Criminal Due Process

No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense without due process of law. (Sec. 14[1]) Criminal due process requires that the accused be tried by an impartial and competent court in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law and with proper observance of all the rights accorded him under the Constitution and…